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Elements of Art

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Line could possibly be the most important element of art. The direction and quality of a line can be used to expresses emotions, ideas, movement and shapes. Without a line you would not have an image.



Color can express a mood of a piece or art work. Changing the color can change the mood. Artists use color in two ways, creatively and realistically.

3. Texture:
Artists imitate texture in their works, making it seem that a tree's bark is really there but it is not, this method is called implied texturing. Other artists add actual items to their work to portray texture, this method  is called real texturing.

4. Shape:
Shape is two dimensional it has height and width but no depth. Everything in life is made of shapes or combination of shapes.  Some are geometric such as squares, circles and triangles  and others are known as free form or organic shapes. Artist use shapes to sketch or block out ideas.

5. Form:
Form is a three dimensional shape. It has a length, width and height and takes up actual space.  Sculptors, architects and product designers use forms but painters and photographers have to create the illusion of form using the other elements of art.

6. Space:

Space is a hard concept to understand and use correctly. Space is three dimensional but can be implied in two dimensional art work. Artists working in two dimensions, use special techniques, such as foreshortening and perspective to portray space.  For artist working in three dimensions space is the most important element of art. 

There are two types of space positive and negative. Positive space is the area that the art work takes up. Negative is the area around the artwork not used


All work is copyright of Beth Mikulanis unless otherwise stated.